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Tanzania and Nigeria have enjoyed cordial diplomatic relations since the two countries attained independence in 1961 and 1960 respectively. Nigeria High Commission was opened in Tanzania in 1962 while Tanzania High Commission in Nigeria was established 1971.  The bilateral relations between the two countries are hinged upon shared vision, mission and values in the international arena. Nigeria and Tanzania played significant roles in the decolonization of the African continent. The historical and philosophical foundations of Tanzania-Nigeria diplomatic relations are nested in the spirit of Pan-Africanism, Africa Union and non-aligned movement stances in pursuit of foreign policy. The contemporary bilateral relation between the two countries is nested on promoting tourism and cooperation in judicial, technical and military areas as well as trade and investment. At the bilateral level, the Tanzania High Commission in Abuja, apart from the Federal Republic of Nigeria, extends diplomatic and consular services to fourteen West African countries namely:

Ghana, Benin, Togo, Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea Conakry, Senegal, Mali, Liberia, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Niger and Guinea-Bissau. At multilateral level, the High Commission has diplomatic duties to two entities namely: the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the African Development Bank (AfDB). Since 1970 twelve Ambassadors from Tanzania have been appointed and accredited to Nigeria to serve as High Commissioners. The present High Commissioner, Dr. Benson Alfred Bana, was appointed and sworn-in by H. E. President Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli on 14th January, 2020.

Long live the Tanzania-Nigeria Relations.